What is the waterproof effect of different materials?

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The waterproof technology is used abroad in different products and materials. How does it work?


Waterproof clothing, shoes, houses, and electrical devices, I'm sure you've heard of them. But do you know what kind of waterproofing technology is underlying these items? Simply simply, waterproof materials are those that do not allow water to penetrate them. You will have a better understanding of the application of waterproof technology and international standards after reading this article.

The terms ATM and IP are used to describe the conditions under which equipment will repel water.

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ATM: Mainly used for wearable devices

ATM stands for Atmosphere Management System. When you're on the surface of water, one atmosphere is roughly the pressure exerted on you. When you dive 10 meters below sea level, the pressure of the water is added to the initial ambient pressure, resulting in two atmospheres. Every ten meters, a new ATM is added.

Water resistance is frequently indicated on smartwatches and fitness bands in ATMs. A water resistance of 5 ATMs, for example, meaning it may be used by recreational divers, for swimming in a pool, or for pretty much any other activity that falls within that range. However, there is one caveat that isn't stated explicitly on wearables: these gadgets are only waterproof as long as the various seals are intact. When you're submerged, you can't press any buttons. All water-resistant timepieces have this problem. Even if that activity is how you regularly use your gadget, you won't be able to break the seal. Water will seep in as soon as you break the seal.


IPX: Mainly used in electronic products

The International Electrotechnical Commission has established standardized water resistance tests for smartphones (IEC). These are known as International Protection or Ingress Protection codes, and they are frequently abbreviated as IP + two digits. The Samsung Galaxy S7 Edge, for example, has an IP68 rating. Lexuma X2O Waterproof Spray can keep devices waterproof to IPX4 and IPX7 standards.


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The first digit in an IPX rating refers to dust protection, with 6 being the maximum grade. The second numeral denotes the level of water protection, with 9 being the maximum (but most waterproof smartphones are at 7 or 8).
The following is a quick rundown of what each water resistance number means:

  • 1: There is no consequence from dripping water.

  • 2: Even when falling at a 15-degree angle from vertical, dripping water has no effect.

  • 3: Even when sprayed at a 60-degree angle from vertical, water has no effect.

  • 4: Water splashed in any direction has no effect.

  • 5: A 6.3mm nozzle's water jets have little effect.

  • 6: A 12.5mm nozzle's water jets have little effect.

  • 7: Submerging for 30 minutes in water up to 1 meter had no effect.

  • 8: Submerging for more than 30 minutes in water deeper than 1 meter has no effect.

  • 9: Water sprays with high temperatures and pressure have little effect.


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    Waterproof technology is used in a variety of sectors and everyday products in addition to electronics. This technology can be found all over the place. Two prominent waterproofing examples are given below:


    Waterproof fabrics:

    Waterproof fabrics are those that are resistant to water and wetting by nature or have been treated to become so. Natural or synthetic fabrics are frequently laminated to or coated with a waterproofing material like rubber, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyurethane (PU), silicone elastomer, fluoropolymers, or wax. Treatment can be applied to the fabric during production or to finished products afterward, such as using a waterproofing spray.


    Waterproof housing materials:

    - Concrete tile, pre-cast concrete, and latex or bituminous formed-in-place materials can all be tinted, polished, and sealed.
    - Waterproof mortar on non-porous stone, slate, or cast stone
    - Ceramic tile, clay tile, quarry tile, terrazzo
    - Sheets or tiles made of rubber.


      Waterproofing technology, as you may expect, plays an essential role in our daily lives. Not only do we need to preserve our shoes, clothes, and homes, but we also need to secure our devices. Lexuma X2O waterproof spray is designed specifically for electronic and mechanical devices. Protect your valuables with waterproofing today!